**Downloadable Test Bank for Medical Dosage Calculations, 11/E, June L. Olsen, Anthony P Giangrasso, Dolores Shrimpton, ISBN-10: 0133940713, ISBN-13: 9780133940718, Test Bank (Complete) Download**

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Table of Contents

Unit 1 Basic Calculation Skills and Introduction to Medication Administration 1

Chapter 1 Review of Arithmetic for Dosage Calculations 2

Diagnostic Test of Arithmetic 3

Changing Decimal Numbers and Whole Numbers to Fractions 5

Calculator 6

Ratios 7

Changing Fractions to Decimal Numbers 8

Rounding Decimal Numbers 10

Rounding Off 10

Rounding Down and Rounding Up 10

Adding Decimal Numbers 11

Subtracting Decimal Numbers 12

Multiplying Decimal Numbers 12

Dividing Decimal Numbers 13

Estimating Answers 14

Multiplying Fractions 15

Dividing Fractions 16

Complex Fractions 18

Addition and Subtraction of Fractions 19

Same Denominators 19

Different Denominators 20

Percentages 21

Percent of Change 23

Summary 24

Practice Sets 24

Chapter 2 Safe and Accurate Medication Administration 28

The Medication Administration Process 29

Preventing Medication Errors 29

Six Rights of Medication Administration 30

The Right Drug 30

The Right Dose 31

The Right Route and Form 32

The Right Time 36

The Right Patient 37

The Right Documentation 38

Drug Prescriptions 39

Medication Orders 42

Types of Medication Orders 43

Components of a Medication Order 43

Medication Administration Records 46

Technology in the Medication Administration Process 51

Drug Labels 53

Combination Drugs 57

Controlled Substances 58

Drug Information 58

Prescription Drug Package Inserts 59

Over-the-Counter (OTC) Labels 59

Summary 63

Practice Sets 64

Chapter 3 Dimensional Analysis 77

Introduction to Dimensional Analysis 78

The Mathematical Foundation for Dimensional Analysis 78

Changing a Single Unit of Measurement to Another Single Unit of Measurement 80

Simple (One-Step) Problems with Single Units of Measurement 80

Complex (Multi-Step) Problems with Single Units of Measurement 84

Changing One Rate to Another Rate 88

Simple (One-Step) Problems with Rates 88

Complex (Multi-Step) Problems with Rates 90

Summary 93

Practice Sets 93

Unit 2 Systems of Measurement 97

Chapter 4 The Household and Metric Systems 98

The Household System 99

Liquid Volume in the Household System 99

Weight in the Household System 100

Length in the Household System 101

Decimal-Based Systems 102

The Metric System 103

Liquid Volume in the Metric System 104

Weight in the Metric System 106

Length in the Metric System 109

Summary 110

Practice Sets 110

Chapter 5 Converting from One System of Measurement to Another 117

Equivalents of Common Units of Measurement 118

Metric-Household Conversions 119

Volume Conversions 119

Weight Conversions 121

Length Conversions 122

Summary 124

Practice Sets 124

Unit 3 Oral and Parenteral Medications 131

Chapter 6 Oral Medications 132

Simple (One-Step) Problems 133

Medication in Solid Form 133

Medication in Liquid Form 137

Medications Measured in Milliequivalents 141

Complex (Multi-Step) Problems 143

Dosages Based on the Size of the Patient 149

Dosages Based on Body Weight 149

Dosages Based on Body Surface Area (BSA) 152

BSA Formulas 152

Summary 155

Case Study 6.1 156

Practice Reading Labels 158

Practice Sets 165

Chapter 7 Syringes 175

Parts of a Syringe 176

Needles 176

Commonly Used Sizes of Hypodermic Syringes 177

Insulin 182

Insulin Syringes 182

Types of Insulin 184

Insulin Pens 186

Insulin Pumps 186

Measuring Two Types of Insulin in One Syringe 189

Premixed Insulin 191

Insulin Coverage/Sliding-Scale Calculations 192

Prefilled Syringes 192

Safety Syringes 194

Needleless Syringes 194

Dosing Errors with Syringes 195

Summary 196

Case Study 7.1 196

Practice Sets 201

Chapter 8 Solutions 214

Introduction 215

Strengths of Solutions Using Explicit Units of Measurement 215

Strengths of Solutions as Ratios, Fractions, and Percents 215

Liquid Solutes 217

Dry Solutes 219

Determining the Amount of Solute in a Given Amount of Solution 221

Determining the Amount of Solution that Contains a Given Amount of Solute 224

Irrigating Solutions, Soaks, and Oral Feedings 226

Summary 227

Case Study 8.1 228

Practice Sets 231

Chapter 9 Parenteral Medications 237

Parenteral Medications 238

Parenteral Medications Supplied as Liquids 238

Parenteral Medications Supplied in Powdered Form 245

How to Use a Mix-O-Vial 251

Heparin 253

Summary 259

Case Study 9.1 259

Practice Sets 262

Unit 4 Infusions and Pediatric Dosages 277

Chapter 10 Flow Rates and Durations of Enteral and Intravenous Infusions 278

Introduction to Enteral and Intravenous Solutions 279

Enteral Feedings 279

Intravenous Infusions 280

Intravenous Solutions 280

Gravity Systems and Pumps 283

Calculations for Infusions 285

Finding the Flow Rate on a Pump 286

Finding the Volume Infused Using a Pump 287

Finding the Duration of an Infusion Using a Pump 287

Finding the Flow Rate (Drip Rate) Using a Gravity System 288

Finding the Volume Infused Using a Gravity System 291

Finding the Duration of an IV Using a Gravity System 292

Adjusting the Flow Rate of an IV 294

Fluid Balance: Intake/Output 296

Summary 297

Case Study 10.1 297

Practice Sets 298

Chapter 11 Flow Rates and Dosage Rates for Intravenous Medications 304

Intravenous Administration of Medications 305

Intravenous Piggyback Infusions 305

Finding the Dosage Rate 306

Converting IV Dosage Rates to Flow Rates 309

Converting IV Flow Rates to Dosage Rates 311

Safe Dose Range 311

Determining Infused Volume and Duration of Infusion 312

IV Push 313

Compound Rates 316

Adding Medication to an IVPB Bag 319

Titrated Medications 323

Summary 326

Case Study 11.1 326

Practice Sets 327

Chapter 12 Pediatric Dosages 334

Pediatric Drug Dosages 335

Oral Medications 335

Parenteral Medications 336

Dosages Based on Body Size 336

Dosages Based on Body Weight 336

Dosages Based on BSA 339

Determining Safe Dosage Range 340

Intravenous Medications 343

Using a Volume-Control Chamber 344

Calculating Daily Fluid Maintenance 347

Summary 349

Case Study 12.1 350

Practice Sets 351

Comprehensive Self-Tests 360

Appendices 373

Appendix A Answer Section 374

Appendix B FDA and ISMP Lists of Look-Alike Drug Names with

Recommended Tall Man Letters 392

Appendix C Commonly Used Abbreviations 397

Appendix D Units of Measurement in Metric and Household Systems 399

Appendix E Celsius and Fahrenheit Temperature Conversions 400

Appendix F Diluting Stock Solutions 402

Appendix G Apothecary System 405

Index 410